Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is what is called ADHD. It is as a result of a brain disorder characterized by impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity. For people with ADHD, the three characteristics occur often, are severe and lower the quality of how they operate socially, in school and work.
Researchers are not sure what causes ADHD but alcohol and drug abuse during pregnancy, environmental toxins in pregnancy such as lead, birth weight, brain injuries, genes and smoking cigarette are known to contribute.
ADHD is found in more males than females. Inattention is a problem for females with ADHD. ADHD adults also have learning disabilities, problems with abuse of substances, depression and anxiety disorder.
Observe those who have symptoms of inattention as they may make careless mistakes in schoolwork, work and they miss details in other activities because these are signs of ADHD They cannot sustain attention in tasks, conversations, and reading. You will notice them may fidget and squirm, run or dash, often feel restless, unable to be quiet and are constantly moving. They talk nonstop, finish other people’s sentences, speak when it is not their turn in the conversation.
The progression of ADHD is from childhood, adolescence and then goes on to adulthood. Emotional and also disciplinary problems feature a lot with ADHD.Quiet and behaved children could also miss being diagnosed and thus a delay in treatment. Time and age changes symptoms of ADHD. Psychologist, pediatrician, or psychiatrist who has experience with ADHD are the right people to diagnose ADHD.For one to be diagnosed with ADHD, the symptoms should be long-lasting and interfere with the functioning of people. The medication reduces hyperactivity and helps to lessen impulsivity. Medication contributes to ability to focus, physical coordination to work, and to learn.Stimulants are used for treatment.It increases brain chemicals such as norepinephrine and dopamine, which help in attention and thinking.
Non-stimulants are another form of medication.
A stimulant plus a non-stimulant can be used in one go. Antidepressants help ADHD patients.
Psychotherapy is sometimes used for ADHD.
It helps patients and their families cope. Behavioral therapy helps in the improvement of ADHD behavior. Meditation along with mindfulness techniques are part of cognitive behavioral therapy. Adult who go through the therapy learn how to accept their thoughts and feelings. Concentration and focus are greatly improved after learning the techniques. People with ADHD adapt to life changes that is thinking before acting and families and friends notice positive changes.
Therapists encourage them to resist taking unnecessary risks that can be harmful. Feedback for their behaviors helps them improve. Rules for chores and routines that help one control their behavior help them get organized.